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Agen Allwedd Descriptive Essay

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Description

Ogof Agen Allwedd

Brecon Beacons. United Kingdom Ogof Agen Allwedd

Ogof Agen Allwedd or Agen Allwed. also known as Aggy. is, at 32.5km, one of the longest cave systems in Wales, and the longest cave system on the Llangattock escarpment.

The cave was first investigated by Brian Price and party in 1949 and 1950, but it was not until 1957 that the Hereford Caving Club broke through the First Boulder Choke and found the main part of the cave. The cave system was further explored in 1971 by John Parker, J Phillips and others who dived through sumps and extended the known length of the cave. Further exploration in 1973 by Martyn Farr and Roger Solari resulted in a fatality when Solari failed to return from a dive. This section of cave was later named the "Remembrance Series".

The cave system

Ogof Agen Allwedd is the longest cave system on the Llangattock escarpment, with over 32.5km of passages. There are several round trips that can be followed within the system, but all trips start via the short entrance series and first boulder choke. Crawling is required for the long entrance passages but most of the cave consists of large stream passages which provide easy caving and no specialist equipment is required.
The round trips include the Grand Circle - along Main Stream Passage, which has four boulder chokes (rock obstructed passages) in it, and Southern Stream Passage, a long, wet and tedious passage. There are also the Outer and the Inner Circles, which include Turkey Streamway; with some formations including gour pools. Each round trip takes upwards of six hours and some parts of the cave are prone to flooding. The sump at the 3rd Boulder Choke soon becomes water-filled, and in worse flood conditions it becomes impossible to negotiate the 2nd Boulder Choke and the narrow section of Turkey Streamway above Northwest Junction. Maytime and the Lower Main Stream become inaccessible under flood conditions.
In general, Agen Allwedd contains few formations. Agen Allwedd is also important due to the numbers of bats that roost there. Bats are strictly protected from disturbance under the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981, the Habitat Regulations 1994 and the EC Habitats Directive. It is a criminal offence to deliberately or recklessly disturb bats. Cavers should take care to avoid causing disturbance.

Originally, the cave was accessed through the Agen Allwedd entrance, but gated access is now available through the Ogof Gam entrance. This provides a bypass to an awkward rift section and that route is now blocked with a pillar. Keys are available to people with valid permits who must sign the book on entering the cave indicating the route to be taken. No carbide is to be used in the cave and additional permits are requires for camping inside, blasting or research.

Other articles

Ogof Agen Allwedd

Ogof Agen Allwedd

Ogof Agen Allwedd or Agen Allwed. also known as Aggy. is, at 32.5 kilometres (20.2 mi), one of the longest cave systems in Wales. and the longest cave system on the Llangattock escarpment .

The cave was first investigated by Brian Price and party in 1949 and 1950, but it was not until 1957 that the Hereford Caving Club broke through the First Boulder Choke and found the main part of the cave. [1] The cave system was further explored in 1971 by John Parker, J Phillips and others who dived through sumps and extended the known length of the cave. Further exploration in 1973 by Martyn Farr and Roger Solari resulted in a fatality when Solari failed to return from a dive. This section of cave was later named the "Remembrance Series". [2]

The cave system

Ogof Agen Allwedd is the longest cave system on the Llangattock escarpment. with over 32.5 kilometres (20.2 mi) of passages. [1] There are several round trips that can be followed within the system, but all trips start via the short entrance series and first boulder choke. Crawling is required for the long entrance passages but most of the cave consists of large stream passages which provide easy caving and no specialist equipment is required. [3]

The round trips include the Grand Circle - along Main Stream Passage, which has four boulder chokes (rock obstructed passages) in it, and Southern Stream Passage, a long, wet and tedious passage. There are also the Outer and the Inner Circles, which include Turkey Streamway; with some formations including gour pools. Each round trip takes upwards of six hours and some parts of the cave are prone to flooding. The sump at the 3rd Boulder Choke soon becomes water-filled, and in worse flood conditions it becomes impossible to negotiate the 2nd Boulder Choke and the narrow section of Turkey Streamway above Northwest Junction. Maytime and the Lower Main Stream become inaccessible under flood conditions. [4] In general, Agen Allwedd contains few formations. Agen Allwedd is also important due to the numbers of bats that roost there. Bats are strictly protected from disturbance under the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981, the Habitat Regulations 1994 and the EC Habitats Directive. It is a criminal offence to deliberately or recklessly disturb bats. Cavers should take care to avoid causing disturbance. [5]

Originally, the cave was accessed through the Agen Allwedd entrance, but gated access is now available through the Ogof Gam entrance. This provides a bypass to an awkward rift section and that route is now blocked with a pillar. Keys are available to people with valid permits who must sign the book on entering the cave indicating the route to be taken. No carbide is to be used in the cave and additional permits are requires for camping inside, blasting or research. [5]

References Oh no, there's been an error

Agen Allwedd

Agen Allwedd

This cave has gated access. Access is administered by MLCMAC on behalf of NRW.
See the contact information page for details of how to obtain a permit and key.
Access rules for Agen Allwedd.
Permit/key application form

Tackle Requirements

No tackle is required for the main routes, although a 10 metre handline is recommended for the climb down at Keyhole Chamber, where P-bolts are installed. These are the only official fixed aids in the cave. The integrity of in-situ ropes is not not guaranteed and you use them at your own risk.

Certain sections of the cave are prone to flooding. In moderate flood, the area around 3rd Boulder Choke sumps, and in heavier flood conditions 2nd Boulder Choke and the narrow section of Turkey Streamway above Northwest Junction become impassable.
Lower Main Stream becomes impassable and can sump upstream from Southern Stream Passage junction. Also, Maytime floods dramatically.

Approximate Trip Times

These are for guidance, and are for fit, experienced cavers and do not include any allowance for route finding.

Note 1: There is an awkward inclined rift at the end of Coal Cellar Passage which is not passable to cavers of above-average build.

Agen Allwedd

Agen Allwedd Cave details

Length: 32.8 km Vertical range: 160 m Region: South Wales

One of the most easy of all the long caves in the country. Only a few short crawls are required in the long entrance series, entering several kilometres of large easy walking passage. The cave contains the longest single section of traversable streamway in the country between Turkey Sump 1 and the Third Boulder Choke. The cave has very few formations except in Iles Inlet and the Remembrance Series where arduous flat out crawls reach a section decorated by a few stalactites covered in a fine selection of helictites. The crawls are preceded by over 1 km of low (that means generally crawling or crouching size) Southern Streamway or alternatively the equally arduous main streamway. For descriptions, contact the Chelsea Spelaeological Society or even me. See access information .

© 2017 Mark Wilton-Jones, all rights reserved.

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Agen Allwedd

Agen Allwedd Some articles on agen allwedd, agen :

Ogof Agen Allwedd
. Ogof Agen Allwedd or Agen Allwed, also known as Aggy, is, at 32½ km long, one of the longest cave systems in Wales, and the longest cave system on the Llangattock escarpment. Some new extensions to Agen Allwedd contain particularly fine formations. Agen Allwedd is also important due to the numbers of bats that roost there.

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