In states that allowed same-sex marriage, 14 percent fewer LGBTQ students attempted suicide.
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A new study has found that there is a link between same-sex marriage legalization and fewer suicide attempts in teenagers.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins University, Harvard University, and Boston Children’s Hospital analyzed data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System — which the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) administers every other year — to conclude that seven percent fewer high school students attempted suicide in states that had legalized same-sex marriage as opposed to states that had not.
This effect was even more pronounced for gay, lesbian, and bisexual teenagers. In states that allowed same-sex marriage, 14 percent fewer LGBTQ students attempted suicide. In fact, most of the overall drop in suicide rates comes from these teenagers.
The researchers used data collected from more than 700,000 students between 1999 to 2015 to track the effect that same-sex marriage has on teenage suicide attempt rates. This broad swath of information allowed them to compare figures from states before and after they had legalized same-sex marriage, as well as compare rates between states that had legalized it to states that hadn’t.
The study also found that while the self-reported rate of suicide attempts for high school students on average was 8.6 percent before states legalized same-sex marriage, that number quadrupled to 28.5 percent for teenagers who categorized themselves as gay, lesbian, bisexual, or “not sure.”
“This study was really motivated by evidence that there are large disparities across domains of health that affect LGBT adolescents,” said Julia Raifman, co-author of the research from Johns Hopkins University, to the Guardian. “I would hope that policymakers and the public would consider the potential health implications of laws and policies affecting LGBT rights.”
“When LGBTQ young people don’t feel safe, protected, or valued in their own community, when they don’t feel they can be fully out and authentic – that adds an emotional burden to bear,” Ellen Kahn, director of the Children, Youth and Families Program at the Human Rights Campaign, told the Guardian.
“What we can learn from this study, and what we know from hearing directly from LGBTQ youth, is that the convergence of a supportive family, a safe and welcoming school, legal protections, and being equal in the eyes of the law can provide the foundation necessary to thrive and flourish into adulthood.”
Regardless of sexual orientation, suicide is the second leading cause of death for Americans between 15 and 24, according to the CDC. However, suicide rates are much higher for teenagers who don’t describe themselves as heterosexual.
Next, check out the most shocking facts about gay conversion therapy. before reading up on France’s recent decision to no longer sterilize transgender people .
Should Gay Marriage Be Legalized?Introduction
Marriage is one of the most celebrated developments of a person’s life. Majority of the people are taking marriage as a goal in life since having a family is the most fulfilling role in this world. According to Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary, marriage is the time of being united to an individual of the opposite sex as wife and husband within in consensual and contractual relationship which is recognized by legal means (“Marriage” 1). Marriage is a legal and social institution which covers the union of both male and female who voluntarily accept each other as husband or wife and build a family of their own. Marriage of both male and female is a legal and social institution that leads to one unit make-up which is the family as part of the society. Hence, the family is the smallest unit in the society that we belong.
Although marriage is regarded as an essential institution in the society, it has been a subject of controversy due to suggestion on its modification which is referred to as same-sex marriage. In that case, some groups or sectors in the society suggested that both females and or males as partners may enter into the covenant of marriage just like the union of both male and female. In this paper, the topic is focused on the question: should gay marriage be legalized? It is strongly submitted in this paper that gay marriage should be legalized in order to give meaning to the principles of equality, liberty and freedom that has been the spirit of the United States’ Constitution. Spiritual matters and conservative ideas may oppose the legalization of gay marriage, what is primordial is that the freedom to choose what is right and wrong has been accorded to all human beings. Thus, conflicting ideas on matters pertaining to the legalization of gay marriage must be weighed down in the most equitable manner.
Essentially, there are three major arguments that support the position that gay marriage should be legalized and these include respect on individual rights, non-interference of the church in governance and respect on the ability of gays to raise a family. The basic opposition on these arguments is that gay marriage can destroy the sanctity of marriage and mock the importance of procreation.The Proposition on Gay Marriage
For the first argument, gay marriage should be legalized because gays have the rights to exercise and acquire liberty, freedom, and equality accorded in the fundamental law of the land and in the absence of damage or injury towards other people. While it is true that gay marriage is outlawed in many parts of the United States, there are still government leaders in a few states that was able to successfully legalized gay marriages. The reason behind this fact is that people who believe on the principle of equality are increasing and that gays are humans too and not circus animals. It is easy for the people to speak about equality like equal rights for homosexuals such that they should be given the same rights in housing, jobs, government benefits access, accommodations in public, and equal protection of the law, but when gay marriage is mentioned, there is an end of discussion (Bidstrup 1). Gay marriage is a less relevant topic that minimal discussion of the same is given thereby neglecting the needs of a few gay individuals. However, negligence in looking into the society deeply might be the reason why many families suffer from marital problems.
Gays should be given a chance to express their feelings towards another man because they are humans too. Love is a strong affection for or attachment or devotion to a person or persons (Fabella & de Angel 16). Love is compared to a prism that has number of sides through which a spectrum of beautiful colors is refracted. Love is the basic reason why individuals marry each other. Love is wonderful and as such, all people are free to express the same. And what makes a person think that only individuals who are both male and female have the chance to love? It is a selfish act to confine expression of love within a male-female relationship when gays are also entitled to do so when the law can be adjusted in its favor.
People are raising this question: should gay marriage be legalized? This question arises because it is true that gay marriage is considered as not socially acceptable. People do not think that gay people should have the right to get married. They think that gays should be happy with the rights that are already given to them. But the public must be aware that gays are loyal to their mates and are monogamous being devoted partners (Bidstrup 1). In other words, it is not true that gays are promiscuous and are not able to form and build long lasting relationships.
In addition, gays are also capable of building a family if ever married to another gay. Gays value family relationships and takes part in family activities as family life is a reflection of their uniqueness as human beings (Bidstrup 1). Besides, gays honor and abide by the laws of the land just like other people in the society. The ability of gays to promote peace and self-reliance is noticeable and there is no reason that they could not perform the basic responsibilities to build a family.
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Gay marriage around the world. Despite Proposition 8, many regions around the globe are allowing same sex marriage. This is a list of those legalized gay marriage states and countries. Where are the countries that legalized gay marriage? They're mostly in Europe, where progressive societies have warmed to same-sex marriage. In the past decade, this has become more normalized in many civilized nations. Though the majority of countries haven't warmed to gay marriage, these have. If you want to get hitched, these are your marriage-friendly gay destinations. Take a look at this list and you'll what countries have legalized gay marriage. List Photo: user uploaded image Collection Photo: user uploaded image
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In a landmark decision on June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court ruled that the Constitution guarantees a right to same-sex marriage. The deciding vote in the 5-4 ruling, Justice Kennedy said, “ Their hope is not to be condemned to live in loneliness, excluded from one of civilization’s oldest institutions. They ask for equal dignity in the eyes of the law. The Constitution grants them that right.”
Before the decision, 13 states still refused to recognize gay marriage. President Obama Tweeted, " Today is a big step in our march toward equality. Gay and lesbian couples now have the right to marry, just like anyone else. #LoveWins"
A bill to legalize same-sex marriage was passed by an overwhelming majority by the Members of the Scottish Parliament (105-18) on February 4, 2014 and will be fast-tracked to implementation with the first same-sex marriages expected to be carried out in mid-to-late 2014.
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Recognizes civil partnerships for same-sex couples; provides rights and responsibilities identical to those of civil marriage .
UPDATE: On July 17, 2013 the House of Commons and the House of Lords signed off on a bill that legalizes same-sex marriage. Following that, the bill was given the royal assent by the Queen, which means the law is officially official.
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Same-sex marriage legal since July 22, 2010. Argentina was the first country in Latin America and the 10th country in the world to allow same-sex marriage nationwide.
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Same-sex marriage legal since June 1, 2003. Belgium was the second country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
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Same-sex marriage legal since May 14, 2013.
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Same-sex marriage legal since July 20, 2005. Canada was the fourth country in the world and the first country outside Europe to legalize same-sex marriage.
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Same-sex marriage legal since June 15, 2012.
State senators also approved a bill restricting abortions.North Carolina Governor Vetoes Anti-Gay Marriage Bill
Pat McCrory won't sign a bill that would have allowed magistrates to opt out of performing weddings if they have religious objections.Anti-Gay Marriage Bill Goes to North Carolina Governor's Desk
In March, Gov. Pat McCrory voiced concerns about a bill to allow magistrates to opt out of performing marriages and said he won't sign it. He stopped short, however, of saying he would veto it. The governor can allow bills to become law without his signature.Judge Legalizes Gay Marriage in Alabama, But Not Yet
The federal judge who struck down Alabama's laws banning same-sex marriage reaffirmed her decision Thursday evening, but delayed its implementation.Pittsburgh Pride's Iggy Azalea Problem
Many LGBT groups are angry over Pittsburgh Pride headliner Iggy Azalea because of because of tweets from the singer that they consider to be homophobic and racist.
Should there be a constitutional amendment that allows gays and lesbians to legally marry?
The issue of gay and lesbian marriages has attracted a lot of debate in the 21st century as various groups come out in open to demand for their rights. Researchers have been keen to point that using the constitution to legalize gay and lesbian marriages can cause more problems to society. It is from this stand point that this research has added towards the opposition on amending the constitution in favor of gay marriages. Based on already existing research this paper concludes that from a religious, moral and ethical standpoint, gay and lesbian marriages should never be legalized through constitutional amendments.
Gay marriage (also known marriage between individuals of similar sex) is a type of marriage existing between two people of a similar biological sex or gender identity. The legal recognition of most of these same-sex marriages becomes a constant worry with reference to equal marriage or marriage equality especially by the supporters. The introduction of laws addressing same-sex marriage continues to vary across various jurisdictions as there are various accomplishments which are managed through distinctive legislative changes onto various marriage laws as well as court rulings which are on the basis of constitutional guarantees in terms of equality and through direct popularity of votes (through ballot initiatives and referendums). The due recognition of lesbian and gay marriage is mostly an issue that underlies the scopes of the political, social, human rights and civil rights paradigms including the many religious nations across the world while debates continue arising over the prudence of same-sex couples with regard to allowing them engage in marriage or be required to continue holding a different status (mostly a civil union) or even face denial of recognition for such rights as mentioned by Wintemute and Andenęs (2001). Having to allow same-gender couples to engage in legal marriages can be considered to be a very critical rights issue.
Such an introduction of same-sex marriage continues to vary in terms of jurisdiction which will in turn result from the due legislative changes for most marriage laws as well as court challenges which are on the basis of constitutional guarantees with regard to equality as well as the legalization of the same by voters through ballot initiatives and referendums.
As indicated by Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman, (2009), there are a wide variety of cons raised towards encouraging the achievement for gay marriage legalization. The first dimension is the fact that gay marriage fundamentally undermines most of the family values because the concept of marriage is diverse and it is upon each of them to develop their individual dimensions as man or woman. Not legitimizing same sex marriage will be an express illustration of denial of the basic human rights. This argument promoting the aspect of gay marriage is on the fact that each human being has a profound right of living the way they want to. They have fundamental rights of choosing their sexuality, their partners as well as the family they want to build. Some of the other pros of legalizing gay marriage is the fact that it will be one of the basic building blocks of the nation and its neighborhood. Increasingly, the basic social aspects of equality state that all persons are equally created (p. 2). Therefore, preventing homosexuals from getting married will not necessarily increase the levels of heterosexual marriages. In this line, the prevention of homosexuals from getting married will as well not cause due increment in the procreation levels among the heterosexual couples. White, (2008), argues that most countries have granted equal rights to all marginalized communities and women, homosexuals will be next in line. The fact that marriage is a civil right means that being raised by lesbian or gay parents will not necessarily pronounce a disadvantage to the children (p.4).
Having this in mind, people along gay marriages will heavily suggest on legalizing gay marriages as any efforts to the contrary will have the government denying basic human rights to the gay population. Amending the constitution to favor gay marriages will be particularly beneficial to the Gays and the Society in general. People proposing gay marriages hold the opinion that legalizing them has very many benefits for both the ones leading gay lifestyles and the society as a whole. They also proclaim that gay couples getting married will not rampantly indulge in a number of extramarital affairs for those who are simply living together in the exception of marriages.
Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman add that legalization of gay marriage will be critical in sending out positive signals to various societies which marriages need to be based only on love. Increasingly, the perception that gay couples cannot naturally procreate they will most likely adopt children. This gives plenty of orphaned children a more comfortable and loving home set up that they can utilize. One of the contentious issues is that it continues to be legalized in most parts of world. By subsequent state governments, the pros and cons gay marriage are currently under contemplation. Looking into the way that things are progressing with such social issues, there are still long waits prior having the same sex partners having rights of living as respectfully as the rest of the heterosexuals in the world. Clearly, the denial of such rights will squarely fit as a religious freedom violation for both civil and religious marriages being classified as separate institutions. Marriage benefits like joint ownership as well as medical decision-making capacity are made well available across all couples. Homosexuality is an accepted lifestyle in the modern day with most evidence offering strong support towards the biological causation. In addition, denying such marriages will be categorized as minority discrimination. Furthermore, the same sex marriages do not directly hurt society or individuals in particular. This means that the only things which need to be taken into consideration in such a marriage are love (p.5).
Wolfson (2004), argues that a number of criticisms have been raised against the issue of marriage amongst homosexuals. This is because it is particularly detrimental to the overall marriage institution. This argument is raised against gay marriage is on the grounds that if they will be legalized, the marriage institution will adversely lose its significance. Initially, marriages are perceived to be solemnized based on the human race continuity. Both men and women get bound through marriage for the purposes of procreation only. Amending the constitution to make gay marriages legit will offer all the wrong signals to the generations in future who constantly perceive marriages between men and women unnecessary in raising children. Such views will eventually shake the initial foundation of the society. That is why the individuals who are well against gay marriages are for the opinion that saving families and society will generally consider having gay marriages not legalized. The second argument raised for this is that it is a critical contributor to moral degradation. This drawback within gay marriage is the fact that legalizing them will in turn cause consistent moral degradation. Having two men in an intimate relationship creates a high probability for them to stray while having affairs outside as compared to relationships involving heterosexuals because women are in most cases monogamists .In addition, men may face the general inability to fully domesticate to each other like a man can domesticate a woman. This will consequently lead to several vices through which men engage in excessive drinking and gambling (p. 1)…
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