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Facts about the River Nile for Kids

Where is the River Nile?

The River Nile is in Africa. It originates in Burundi. south of the equator, and flows northward through northeastern Africa, eventually flowing through Egypt and finally draining into the Mediterranean Sea .

Map of the River Nile from space
Notice that the land is green on either side of the Nile.

Where is the source of the River Nile?

Lake Victoria, Africa's biggest lake, is generally thought of as the source of the River Nile. On the northern edge of the lake, water pours over a waterfall, known as Ripon Falls, into a narrow opening which some people believe is the beginning of the River Nile.

The true source of the River Nile

Ripon Falls may be the starting-point of the river, but the many streams that flow into Lake Victoria could claim to be the true source.

Much of Lake Victoria is surrounded by mountains with streams tumbling down into the lake. The largest tributary of Lake Victoria is the Kagera river. The Kagera and its tributary the Ruvubu, with its headwaters in Burundi. is now considered to be the true source of the Nile. It is from here that the Nile is measured as the world's longest river.

What are the two main rivers that flow into the River Nile?

The River Nile is formed from the White Nile. which originates at Lake Victoria and the Blue Nile. which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. These rivers meet in Sudan and then go on their long journey northwards towards the sea.

The White Nile is a lot bigger than the Blue Nile, but because of losses along the way the it only contributes about 15% to the flow of the combined Nile. The Blue Nile, rising in Ethiopia, contributes about 85% to the flow of the Nile that passes through Egypt to the Mediterranean.

Why did the Ancient Egyptians live near the River Nile?

Most Egyptians lived near the Nile as it provided water, food, transportation and excellent soil for growing food.

Why was the Nile River so important to the Ancient Egyptians?

Ancient Egypt could not have existed without the river Nile. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops.

Every year, heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian highlands, sent a torrent of water that overflowed the banks of the Nile. When the floods went down it left thick rich mud (black silt) which was excellent soil to plant seeds in after it had been ploughed.

The ancient Egyptians could grow crops only in the mud left behind when the Nile flooded. So they all had fields all along the River Nile.
Find out about Egyptian Farming

What else did the Nile provide for the Ancient Egyptians?

Reeds, called papyrus, grew along side the Nile. The Egyptians made paper and boats from the reeds.
Find out about Egyptian Writing

The Nile also gave the ancient Egyptians food. They used spears and nets to catch fish. They would also use the nets to catch birds that flew close to the surface of the water.

Another way the Nile helped the ancient Egyptians was in trade. The Nile was the quickest and easiest way to travel from place to place.

What was the area next to the River Nile called?

This area was known as the Black Land. Further away from the river was the Red Land. a region of inhospitable desert.

When did the Nile flood?

The River Nile flooded every year between June and September, in a season the Egyptians called akhet - the inundation.

Why did the Nile Flood?

Melting snow and heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian Mountains sent a torrent of water causing the banks of the River Nile in Egypt to overflow on the flat desert land.

The construction of the Aswan Dam in the 1960's meant that from 1970 the annual flood was controlled.

Who was the Nile God?

Hapi was the Nile god. Honouring a god was very important, so when a flood came the Egyptians would thank Hapi for bringing fertility to the land.

Interesting Facts about the River Nile:

The Nile River is the longest river in the world.

The Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea.

The largest source of the Nile is Lake Victoria.

The Nile has a length of about 6,695 kilometers (4,160 miles).

Its average discharge is 3.1 million litres (680,000 gallons) per second.

The Nile basin is huge and includes parts of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo (Kinshasa), Kenya.

The name Nile comes from the Greek “neilos”, which means valley.

The Ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur (black) because of the colour of the sediment left after the river’s annual flood.

Nile River
A fantastic resource about the Nile.

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Kids from South Africa

People > People Fun Facts > Kids Around the World

Kids from South Africa
  • Continent: Southern Africa School:
    • Children ages 7 through 15 are required to attend school. Parents must pay fees for their children to attend school, even public schools. All students wear uniforms.
    • Schools in South Africa are packed with kids. In fact, some schools have two or three sessions to accommodate all the kids.
    • Soccer is the most popular sport in South Africa. In 2010, South Africa will become the first African country to host the men’s World Cup tournament.
    • South Africans of all ages play mankala, one of the oldest games in the world. It is a counting game played with a board, usually two rows of up to 12 cups, and seeds or stones.
    • South Africa has a large black and a smaller white population. Many of the blacks live in rural areas. Most black South Africans live in extended families, either within the same home or in separate homes clustered close together. Women usually have traditional roles.
    • Most of the country’s white population lives in cities.
    Signature foods:
    • Pap is a staple of South Africa. Made from maize, which is like corn meal, it is eaten in the form of rice or noodles, for breakfast with milk and sugar and as a stew with sauce and meat.
  • Did you know? In 1993, South Africa repealed apartheid. a policy that legalized the separation of blacks and whites. During apartheid, whites ruled the country and discriminated against the black population.

For more information, go to the Fact Monster page about South Africa.

Kids from Russia

Kids Around the World

Fun Facts on Lions for kids ***

Fun Fact 2: There are seven different species of Lions they are; African lion, Asiatic lion, American Lion, Mountain Lion, Cave lion and the White lion

Fun Fact 3: Lions are native to Africa and Northwest India. They commonly habitat wide open areas such as the plains and woodlands

Fun Fact 4: Lions are Carnivorous mammals; they are meat eaters. Lions hunt for their food and their diet will consist of game, such as zebra, wildebeest, buffalo, wild boar, deer and antelope

Fun Fact 5: Size Facts! A Fully grown male lion can reach 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, 6 feet (1.8 m) in length and weigh approximately between 330-530 pounds (149 - 240 kg)

Fun Fact 6: Although they are active during the day, Lions prefer to hunt at night. They could be considered as nocturnal (active at night) animals!

Fun Fact 7: Lions are the only species of cat that live in a group; the name for a group of Lions is a pride

Fun Fact 8: A pride of lions can contain up to 25 lions. The pride home territory is likely to include an area of approximately 100 square miles (260 square km)

Fun Fact 9: Every female in a pride is generally related in some way. It is the females who usually hunt for food, which they accomplish in groups

Fun Fact 10: A lion can run at a speed of up to of 80 kilometres per hour

Fun Fact 11: The name of a male is referred to as a lion or tom, a female name is referred to as a she-lion or lioness. The offspring name is a cub, whelp or lionet

Fun Fact 12: Lions have been kept by humans since the Roman times, and were introduced into zoos as early as the 1800s

Fun Fact 13: In the wild Lions have a life span of approximately 15 years; this is extended in captivity to approximately 25 years

Fun Fact 14: In the past Mountain Lions could be found all over America, now they habitat the Eastern - Southern areas. The Mountain Lion are also known as pumas, cougars, and catamounts. Unlike African Lions, their back legs are strong and longer that the front ones, this enables they to jump great distances!

Fun Fact 15: All lion species are considered a vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN); in addition the Asiatic lion is classified as endangered. The reasons for the decline in numbers can be attributed to various causes including; loss of natural habitat, disease, human intrusion and exploitation

Amazing Animal Facts for Kids

Animal Facts
  1. Dog’s hearing is far superior than that of humans. They are able to pick up sounds at four times the distance, or have four times human’s hearing power.
  2. Hundreds of years of association as pets, workers and companions to humans have earned dogs the nickname "man's best friend".
  3. Dogs are not totally color blind. They can actually see in color, though the sensitivity is less. It is akin to our color vision at dusk.
  4. A one year old dog is as mature, physically, as a 15 year old human.
  5. Dogs have a remarkable sense of smell, they are capable of differentiating odors in concentrations nearly 100 million times lower than humans can.
  6. In total there is said to be around 400 million dogs in the world.
  7. Dogs’ eyes contain a special membrane, called the tapetum lucidum, which allows them to see in the dark.
  8. Unlike humans who sweat everywhere, dogs only sweat through the pads of their feet.
  9. Dog’s nose prints are as unique as a human’s finger prints and can be used to accurately identify them.
  10. The average life span for a dog is around 10 to 14 years, depending on the species.
  1. The most amazing fact, cats can produce about 100 different and distinct sounds.
  2. There are more than 500 million domestic cats in the world, making them the most popular pet.
  3. Cats have no taste buds to identify sweet. So they cannot taste sweet.
  4. Cats can see in the dark. Cats can see at one-sixth the light level required for human vision.
  5. On average cats live for around 12 to 15 years.
  6. A cat’s back is extremely flexible because it has up to 53 loosely fitting vertebrae. This helps them to squeeze in anywhere. Compare that to only 54 vertebrae of humans in a much larger body.
  7. Cats have thirty two muscles that control the outer ear while humans have only Six. No wonder they are so good at hearing.
  8. Cats sleep for 70% of their lives.
  9. Cats have flexible bodies and teeth adapted for hunting small animals such as mice and rats.
  10. A cat’s brain is biologically more similar to a human brain than it is to a dog’s.
  1. Tigers have been known to reach speeds up to 65 kph (40 mph).
  2. Tigers (the Siberian version) are the largest members of the cat family and are renowned for their power and strength.
  3. Tigers are completely blind for the first week of their life.
  4. The roar of a Royal Bengal tiger can carry for over 2km at night.
  5. Tigers usually hunt at night. By nature they are nocturnal.
  6. Tigers are good swimmers and can swim up to 6 kilometres.
  7. The stripes on each tiger are unique, like stripes of Zebra. Each pugmark is also unique.
  8. Tigers are solitary animals, and it actually fairly rare to see them group together in the wild. The exception to this, of course, is a mother and her cubs.
  9. Tigers have a brain that weighs over 300 pounds. It is the 2nd largest brain of all carnivores, the largest being the brain of a polar bear. This also makes them one of the most intelligent hunters.
  10. Tigers can leap distances of over 6 meters, with high precision, and jump up to 5 meters vertically. Their muscular legs are so powerful that they can remain standing even when dead. They also have generous doses of muscles all over their body. They are very very powerful, comparable to sloth bears.
  1. Lions in the wild live for around 12 years.
  2. A lion’s roar can be heard from as far as 5 miles away. Lions roar to communicate their position to other prides.
  3. Lions have terrific night vision. They are 6 times more sensitive to light than humans.
  4. A lion can run for short distances at 50 mph and leap as far as 36 feet.
  5. Male lions defend the pride’s territory while females do most of the hunting. Despite this, the males eat first.
  6. Most lions found in the wild live in southern and eastern parts of Africa.
  7. In the wild, lions rest for around 20 hours a day.
  8. Lion’s heels don’t touch the ground when it walks.
  9. Lions are symbols of strength and courage and have been celebrated throughout history for these characteristics.
  10. The Asiatic lion, a smaller cousin of the African lion, is found only in Gir forest of India.
  1. Elephants are the largest land-living mammal in the world.
  2. Elephants can hear one another's trumpeting calls up to 5 miles.
  3. Elephants can live to be over 70 years old.
  4. Elephants love water. They like to swim, dive into the water and find great fun in fighting the waves.
  5. Elephants are the only mammals that cannot jump.
  6. The largest elephant on record weighed about 24,000 pounds
  7. There are two types of elephant, the Asian and the African. The asian version is smaller but can be tamed.
  8. Elephants are herbivores and can spend up to 16 hours days collecting leaves, twigs, bamboo and roots.
  9. Elephants can get sunburned so they protect themselves with sand and mud.
  10. Elephants have poor eyesight but an amazing sense of smell.
  11. Tusks are an elephant’s incisor teeth. They are used for defence, digging for water, and lifting things. Only males have large tusks.
  12. They are fearless animals and fear no other animals in the wild. All animals, including prides of Lion, keep safe distance from Elephants.
  13. They have remarkable memory, and can remember pathways traversed even 20 years back.
  1. A gorilla can live for 40 – 50 years.
  2. Gorillas are arguably considered (the other contender being the chimpanzees) to be one of the most intelligent animals in the world.
  3. Gorillas aren’t carnivorous in the true sense. They are mainly herbivorous with the majority of their diet consisting of leaves, shoots and stems, some fruit and some small animal prey such as grubs, caterpillars, snails, termites and ants.
  4. An adult gorilla is about 1 meter tall to their shoulders when walking on all fours using their arms and their legs.
  5. Gorillas spend a good deal of their time on the ground rather than in the trees, and will make new nests on the ground each night.
  6. A group of gorillas that live together are called a troop.
  7. Every gorilla has a unique fingerprint just like humans.
  8. Gorillas have been observed displaying emotions such as grief.
  9. They will never sleep in the same nest twice. They make a new one when they nap in the afternoon and before they sleep for the night.
  10. They have four fingers and a thumb just like humans.

Canada Facts for Kids: Interesting and Fun Facts about Canada

Canada Facts for Kids Interesting Canada Facts

Here are some interesting Canada Facts for Kids which were choosen and reseached by kids especially for kids.

  • Population. 35,4 million people (2014)
  • Capital. Ottawa 950,000 inhabitants (2014)
  • Name. Canada
  • Government. Democracy
  • Languages. English, French
  • Religion. mainly Christians (Roman Catholics and Protestants)
  • Currency. 1 Canadian Dollar (CAD)=100 Canadian cents
  • National Symbols. Maple Leaf and Beaver
  • History : Canada's biggest bay, Hudson Bay, was discovered in 1610. Since the 16th century, both French and English kings have ruled over the country. Canada gained independence from Britain in 1867. Today, Queen Elizabeth II (of England) is still also the Queen of Canada and the head of state. The prime minister elected by the people is Justin Trudeau.
Canada Map: Where is Canada?

Canada is in Northern America and shares borders with the United States of America. Canada and the USA actually share the longest international border in the world. It is 8,891km/5,525miles long.

The longest part of the border is shared with the US state of Alaska and is more than 2,475km/1,538miles long.

Canada Geography
  • Canada is the second biggest country in the world, after Russia - measured by total area!
  • Canada is a sparsely populated country, most of the people live close to the US-Canada border where the main urban areas such as Vancouver, Montreal, Quebec are.
  • Canada's longest river is the McKenzie River in the North West. The river is 2,635miles or 4,241km long.
  • The highest mountain in Canada is with 19,551ft or 5,959m the Mount Logan in the Yukon Territory at the border with Alaska.
  • Canada has the largest waterfalls by water volume. These are the Niagara Falls.
Canada Attractions for Kids

Canada is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. There are many attractions for Canada visitors and kids will love to explore the amazing nature and wildlife.

Families also can go on great canoe trips in the national parks or enjoy skiing and snowboarding and other winter fun activities in the mountains. But also the big cities such as Toronto, Quebec and Vancouver have lots to offer to families travelling with kids with stunning museums and wonderful city parks for great outdoor activities such as cycling, climbing, sledging or iceskating.

Here are  our favorite Canada attractions for kids:

  • Vancouver. in the West of the country is great for outdoor sports. The Winter Olympics in 2010 took place in and around Vancouver/British Columbia. In the city, great attractions for children are the Maritime and the Science museums as well as the fantastic Grouse Mountain Skyride or doing the cliff walk and crossing the Capilano River over the Capilano Suspension Bridge.
  • Niagara Falls. One of Canada's biggest tourist attractions, they were formed in the last Ice Age. The Niagara Falls are the largest waterfalls in Canada by volume of water.
  • Quebec City. The Old Town was founded in 1608. Great to see the Frontenac castle buildings from the 18th and 19th century.
  • Toronto. The CN Tower and the Roger's Center are great attractions in this city at the shores of Lake Ontario. Roger's Center is a huge stadium with the world's first retractable roof.
  • Banff National Park. Amazing wildlife, make sure to watch your belongings, as bears tend to chew up everything they find laying around, such as stray hiking boots;-) We had our experiences.
Canada Facts for Kids: Economy
  • Canada is the second largest oil reserve holder after Saudi Arabia. The province of Alberta leads in the production of oil and natural gas in Canada.
  • Canada is the leader in uranium mining. And uranium is used in nuclear power plants for producing electricity.
  • The province of Saskatchewan is the main agricultural province in Canada and grows 45% of Canada's grain such as wheat, canola, flax or rye.
  • Canada is the world leader of Hydro Electricity which uses the power of the water to produce electricity.
  • Canada is second in sawn softwood production after the USA.
Canada Facts for Kids: Canada People

The Canadian people are called Canadians. Most of the Canadian families have roots in England and France, as during the French and British colonised the country and thus many families from 'the old world' immigrated into Canada.

Canada has two official languages: English and French. Almost half of the population can speak both languages. The majority of Canadians speak English as first language, but French is the main language in the Quebec province. In Quebec also almost half of the population is bilingual, which means that they are able to speak both languages fluently.

  • Almost 90% of all Canadians live within 200km/125miles of the Canada-USA border!
  • Main languages are English and French
  • Inuit are one group of Canada's indigenous people
  • Life expectancy at birth is 81 years
  • Literacy Rate is 99%

Among the aboriginal people in Canada are the Métis. the First Nations People and the Inuit.

The indigenous people in northern Canada are called 'Inuit'. Inuit people, which were called 'eskimos' previously but this name is not acceptable and pejorative. Today, only 5 in 100 Canadians refer to themselves as 'Inuk' (one of the Inuit people). 

The inuit live today in modern houses but still build igloos, especially when hunting. The inuit children go to the community's schools, but there are no universities in the North. So if the children decide to go on studying, they have to leave their communities and move to university cities. In the Inuit language, writing text was only begun in the 19th century before they mainly used symbols for writing. 

We hope you enjoyed reading out Canada Facts for Kids. Make sure to bookmark this page, as we plan to add on more information to make this page even more interesting, not only for children:-)

Canada Facts for Kids: Resources

Picture credits on Canada Facts for Kids: and (Clipboard: 1.Meysam Sadat-Mansouri, 2.Sumair ur Rahman and 3.Cindy Pepper)