Where is the River Nile?
The River Nile is in Africa. It originates in Burundi. south of the equator, and flows northward through northeastern Africa, eventually flowing through Egypt and finally draining into the Mediterranean Sea .
Map of the River Nile from space
Notice that the land is green on either side of the Nile.
Where is the source of the River Nile?
Lake Victoria, Africa's biggest lake, is generally thought of as the source of the River Nile. On the northern edge of the lake, water pours over a waterfall, known as Ripon Falls, into a narrow opening which some people believe is the beginning of the River Nile.
The true source of the River Nile
Ripon Falls may be the starting-point of the river, but the many streams that flow into Lake Victoria could claim to be the true source.
Much of Lake Victoria is surrounded by mountains with streams tumbling down into the lake. The largest tributary of Lake Victoria is the Kagera river. The Kagera and its tributary the Ruvubu, with its headwaters in Burundi. is now considered to be the true source of the Nile. It is from here that the Nile is measured as the world's longest river.
What are the two main rivers that flow into the River Nile?
The River Nile is formed from the White Nile. which originates at Lake Victoria and the Blue Nile. which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. These rivers meet in Sudan and then go on their long journey northwards towards the sea.
The White Nile is a lot bigger than the Blue Nile, but because of losses along the way the it only contributes about 15% to the flow of the combined Nile. The Blue Nile, rising in Ethiopia, contributes about 85% to the flow of the Nile that passes through Egypt to the Mediterranean.
Why did the Ancient Egyptians live near the River Nile?
Most Egyptians lived near the Nile as it provided water, food, transportation and excellent soil for growing food.
Why was the Nile River so important to the Ancient Egyptians?
Ancient Egypt could not have existed without the river Nile. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops.
Every year, heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian highlands, sent a torrent of water that overflowed the banks of the Nile. When the floods went down it left thick rich mud (black silt) which was excellent soil to plant seeds in after it had been ploughed.
The ancient Egyptians could grow crops only in the mud left behind when the Nile flooded. So they all had fields all along the River Nile.
Find out about Egyptian Farming
What else did the Nile provide for the Ancient Egyptians?
Reeds, called papyrus, grew along side the Nile. The Egyptians made paper and boats from the reeds.
Find out about Egyptian Writing
The Nile also gave the ancient Egyptians food. They used spears and nets to catch fish. They would also use the nets to catch birds that flew close to the surface of the water.
Another way the Nile helped the ancient Egyptians was in trade. The Nile was the quickest and easiest way to travel from place to place.
What was the area next to the River Nile called?
This area was known as the Black Land. Further away from the river was the Red Land. a region of inhospitable desert.
When did the Nile flood?
The River Nile flooded every year between June and September, in a season the Egyptians called akhet - the inundation.
Why did the Nile Flood?
Melting snow and heavy summer rain in the Ethiopian Mountains sent a torrent of water causing the banks of the River Nile in Egypt to overflow on the flat desert land.
The construction of the Aswan Dam in the 1960's meant that from 1970 the annual flood was controlled.
Who was the Nile God?
Hapi was the Nile god. Honouring a god was very important, so when a flood came the Egyptians would thank Hapi for bringing fertility to the land.
Interesting Facts about the River Nile:
The Nile River is the longest river in the world.
The Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
The largest source of the Nile is Lake Victoria.
The Nile has a length of about 6,695 kilometers (4,160 miles).
Its average discharge is 3.1 million litres (680,000 gallons) per second.
The Nile basin is huge and includes parts of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Congo (Kinshasa), Kenya.
The name Nile comes from the Greek “neilos”, which means valley.
The Ancient Egyptians called the river Ar or Aur (black) because of the colour of the sediment left after the river’s annual flood.
A fantastic resource about the Nile.
People > People Fun Facts > Kids Around the WorldKids from South Africa
For more information, go to the Fact Monster page about South Africa.
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Fun Fact 2: There are seven different species of Lions they are; African lion, Asiatic lion, American Lion, Mountain Lion, Cave lion and the White lion
Fun Fact 3: Lions are native to Africa and Northwest India. They commonly habitat wide open areas such as the plains and woodlands
Fun Fact 4: Lions are Carnivorous mammals; they are meat eaters. Lions hunt for their food and their diet will consist of game, such as zebra, wildebeest, buffalo, wild boar, deer and antelope
Fun Fact 5: Size Facts! A Fully grown male lion can reach 4 feet (1.2 m) in height, 6 feet (1.8 m) in length and weigh approximately between 330-530 pounds (149 - 240 kg)
Fun Fact 6: Although they are active during the day, Lions prefer to hunt at night. They could be considered as nocturnal (active at night) animals!
Fun Fact 7: Lions are the only species of cat that live in a group; the name for a group of Lions is a pride
Fun Fact 8: A pride of lions can contain up to 25 lions. The pride home territory is likely to include an area of approximately 100 square miles (260 square km)
Fun Fact 9: Every female in a pride is generally related in some way. It is the females who usually hunt for food, which they accomplish in groups
Fun Fact 10: A lion can run at a speed of up to of 80 kilometres per hour
Fun Fact 11: The name of a male is referred to as a lion or tom, a female name is referred to as a she-lion or lioness. The offspring name is a cub, whelp or lionet
Fun Fact 12: Lions have been kept by humans since the Roman times, and were introduced into zoos as early as the 1800s
Fun Fact 13: In the wild Lions have a life span of approximately 15 years; this is extended in captivity to approximately 25 years
Fun Fact 14: In the past Mountain Lions could be found all over America, now they habitat the Eastern - Southern areas. The Mountain Lion are also known as pumas, cougars, and catamounts. Unlike African Lions, their back legs are strong and longer that the front ones, this enables they to jump great distances!
Fun Fact 15: All lion species are considered a vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN); in addition the Asiatic lion is classified as endangered. The reasons for the decline in numbers can be attributed to various causes including; loss of natural habitat, disease, human intrusion and exploitation
Here are some interesting Canada Facts for Kids which were choosen and reseached by kids especially for kids.
Canada is in Northern America and shares borders with the United States of America. Canada and the USA actually share the longest international border in the world. It is 8,891km/5,525miles long.
The longest part of the border is shared with the US state of Alaska and is more than 2,475km/1,538miles long.Canada Geography
Canada is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. There are many attractions for Canada visitors and kids will love to explore the amazing nature and wildlife.
Families also can go on great canoe trips in the national parks or enjoy skiing and snowboarding and other winter fun activities in the mountains. But also the big cities such as Toronto, Quebec and Vancouver have lots to offer to families travelling with kids with stunning museums and wonderful city parks for great outdoor activities such as cycling, climbing, sledging or iceskating.
Here are our favorite Canada attractions for kids:
The Canadian people are called Canadians. Most of the Canadian families have roots in England and France, as during the French and British colonised the country and thus many families from 'the old world' immigrated into Canada.
Canada has two official languages: English and French. Almost half of the population can speak both languages. The majority of Canadians speak English as first language, but French is the main language in the Quebec province. In Quebec also almost half of the population is bilingual, which means that they are able to speak both languages fluently.
Among the aboriginal people in Canada are the Métis. the First Nations People and the Inuit.
The indigenous people in northern Canada are called 'Inuit'. Inuit people, which were called 'eskimos' previously but this name is not acceptable and pejorative. Today, only 5 in 100 Canadians refer to themselves as 'Inuk' (one of the Inuit people).
The inuit live today in modern houses but still build igloos, especially when hunting. The inuit children go to the community's schools, but there are no universities in the North. So if the children decide to go on studying, they have to leave their communities and move to university cities. In the Inuit language, writing text was only begun in the 19th century before they mainly used symbols for writing.
We hope you enjoyed reading out Canada Facts for Kids. Make sure to bookmark this page, as we plan to add on more information to make this page even more interesting, not only for children:-)Canada Facts for Kids: Resources
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