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The Chimney Sweeper Research Essay Outline

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Реферат на тему The Chimmney Sweeper Essay Research Paper

The Chimmney Sweeper Essay, Research Paper

"The Chimney Sweeper" By William Blake

Unlike the one in Songs of Innocence, "The Chimney Sweeper", in Songs of Experience is very dark and pessimistic. This poem also seems to be very judgmental and gives motives for everything, but unlike Song of Innocence, the sweeper in this poem does not free himself from his misery.

In the first two lines, Blake gives us an image of an anguished child in a state of agony or even in a state of corruption. The color black seems to be very important because it is used to represent sin against innocence, the color of the white snow. Blake also shows the same child weeping, when he really means to say sweeping, because that is what has that child in such grief. This stanza ends by someone asking him about his parents, which later end up being responsible for this child?s state.

In the second stanza, the child is pictured in a very more happier and playful mood. This soon changes when he decides to tell the stranger more about his parents. They are showed to be punishing their child for being so happy by "clothing in clothes of death and teaching him to sing notes of woe." It is very obvious the sweeper?s feels hate towards his parents for putting him in such sadness, but instead he chooses to hide it by making himself look happy and satisfied.

It is clear in the last Stanza that Blake?s criticizing the Church. especially, and the state for letting a lot of these things happen. During this time many children were dying from being, either, worked to death or from malnutrition. Neither the state or the church did anything to stop this and is obviously why Blake feels so much anger towards them. The sweeper?s parents are really no help towards their own child. This makes the reader wonder, if they are worshipping god, the source of good doings, why do they chose to ignore their own child. They would rather turn their heads the other way and instead findlove at church.

I think this is a very striking poem. It clearly shows Blake?s anger towards society at this time. I also think that he used many of his poems to make people aware of the suffering of people at this time. I also think That he wrote two separate books to give a fuller effect. Songs of Innocence, I think was how people thought that everything was okay. Songs of Experience, in my opinion was

to open every ones eyes.

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Hot Essays: Essay on Ballad of Birmingham vs Chimney Sweeper

Essay on Ballad of Birmingham vs Chimney Sweeper

Eighteenth century and modern day poetry, while remaining independent in their own right, address similar issues relating to the loss of childhood innocence. In both eras, the magnitude and severity maybe experessed differently with respect to the issues concerning violence, safety, and spirituality. Dudly Randall in his 1969 poem "Ballad of Birmingham " touches on the irony of the impetuous burdened mother trying to protect her child from the viciousness of the beast when, in fact, she sent her unkinowingly straight into the lions' den. However, the message by William Black in his 1789 poem "Chimney Sweeper " showa a parent's more uncaring in nature. IN this polished work, the parent realizes the idea of death is distained but not devasting, whereas death is uncertain in "Ballad of Birmingham".

R. Baxter Miller in his work of "modern Americhan Poetry" said "thus, there is no sanctuary in an evil world. and one may face horror in the street as well as in the church". This statement best describes the relative impact of modern poetry like "Ballad of Birmingham" and 18th century poetry like "Chimney Sweeper" because the outcome in both is not the control of the child. Both poems give the reader a deeper look into the loss pf purity of children. All inadvertently touching the world upon their death. In the "Ballad of Birmingham" a young girl expresses to her mom the impact she wants to have on the civil rights movement. The "Chimney Sweeper" tells the story of a yount boy that faces the option of death every das as he labors in soot.


Randall offera a conversational tone in "Ballad of Birmingam" between a mother and a daughter. The girl attempting to convince her mother to allow her to walk in a march for the civil rights movement "But mother, I won't be alone. Other childern will be with me and march the streets of Birmingham to make our country free" And the imagery of a mother horrified becauade she lovingly trying to save her child from harm by sending her to church "For when she heard the explosion, Her eyes grew wet and wild, She raced through the streets of Birmingham calling for her child'. James Sullivan during his research of Randall conveys his belief of this poem being recovgnized as "(using) the conventions of the traditional broadside ballad for contemporary polictical goals". This is important because it initated a literary revolt of Black Poems.

Like Dudley Randall, William Blake in "Chimney Sweeper" used rhyming stanzas and a coversational tone. He also uses reference to GBod as a saftey net. For example, as the young daughter was sent to church to sing in the choir as a precaustion, one of these young boys used a dream of God and His angels as motivation to continue in this death defying occupation. He explicitly shows the fear of children durning the late 1700's because of the risk they take every day cleaning the chimneys of all that request them in order to be the breadwinners of their families. The lack of parental concern for the safety of these young boys compels them to rely on their spirituality for comfor. Blake communicated this fear and distain as he discussed his young friends that were killed in the line of duty. The reader is left with the illustration of ". thousands of sweepers, Dick, Joe, Ned, and Jack, were all of them locked up in coffins of black". The image of tiny little boys dead due to the adult need of spotlessness is haunting.

Both poems "Ballad of Birmingham" and "Chimney Sweeper" leave lasting impressons of sympathy on the reader. They appeal to the emotions of those who have and our caring of children. They also ended up making an inadvertent colossal statement in their perspective eras. It is becuase of thisy type literature that changes were able to be made benefiting the ones that were involved and powerless to vote. The young girl along with her three friends because martyrs to the Black community and gave them even more commitment to the civil rights movement. The duty allocation for which young boys sacrificed their childhoods in an effort to support their families was reformed and rebuked.

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Реферат: The Chimmney Sweeper Essay Research Paper

The Chimmney Sweeper Essay, Research Paper

"The Chimney Sweeper" By William Blake

Unlike the one in Songs of Innocence, "The Chimney Sweeper", in Songs of Experience is very dark and pessimistic. This poem also seems to be very judgmental and gives motives for everything, but unlike Song of Innocence, the sweeper in this poem does not free himself from his misery.

In the first two lines, Blake gives us an image of an anguished child in a state of agony or even in a state of corruption. The color black seems to be very important because it is used to represent sin against innocence, the color of the white snow. Blake also shows the same child weeping, when he really means to say sweeping, because that is what has that child in such grief. This stanza ends by someone asking him about his parents, which later end up being responsible for this child?s state.

In the second stanza, the child is pictured in a very more happier and playful mood. This soon changes when he decides to tell the stranger more about his parents. They are showed to be punishing their child for being so happy by "clothing in clothes of death and teaching him to sing notes of woe." It is very obvious the sweeper?s feels hate towards his parents for putting him in such sadness, but instead he chooses to hide it by making himself look happy and satisfied.

It is clear in the last Stanza that Blake?s criticizing the Church. especially, and the state for letting a lot of these things happen. During this time many children were dying from being, either, worked to death or from malnutrition. Neither the state or the church did anything to stop this and is obviously why Blake feels so much anger towards them. The sweeper?s parents are really no help towards their own child. This makes the reader wonder, if they are worshipping god, the source of good doings, why do they chose to ignore their own child. They would rather turn their heads the other way and instead findlove at church.

I think this is a very striking poem. It clearly shows Blake?s anger towards society at this time. I also think that he used many of his poems to make people aware of the suffering of people at this time. I also think That he wrote two separate books to give a fuller effect. Songs of Innocence, I think was how people thought that everything was okay. Songs of Experience, in my opinion was

to open every ones eyes.

Two Versions Of The Chimney Sweeper English Literature Essay

Two Versions Of The Chimney Sweeper English Literature Essay

Published: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 23rd March, 2015

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

William Blake was a famous writer of the Romantic Age which took place in 1832. William Blake wrote two poems called "The Chimney Sweeper." The first poem had to do with innocence. The second Chimney Sweeper poem by William Blake had to do with experience. Even though both poems have the same title doesn't necessarily mean that they're the same. They have a few things in common, but also have a plethora of items that are different. In both poems called "The Chimney Sweeper", they share similarities and differences between narration, rhyme scheme, tone, and theme. Blake also shows how both poems are influenced Romantically, he gives the reader a visual and represents many symbols that are used in today's society.

As far as rhyme scheme, they both have words that rhyme at the end of each line and stanza. The boy says "When my mother dies I was very young, and my father sold me while yet my tongue." (lines 1-2 p. 85) In songs of experience, Blake writes "A little black thing among the snow Crying weep, weep, in notes of woe!" (lines 1-2 p90)

Both poems are also expressed romantically in a few ways. In the Romantic days, writers felt there was a new literature being birthed. The poetry had to do a lot with humanity and nature. Poets tended toward emotion and child like perspective. Poets also showed much regard for the natural scenes and used words like "child", "imagination", and nature" because they thought they were popular. (Mellown p. 1)

In Songs of Innocence the young boy tells his story. The boy is about six or seven years old. Much of the imaginative power of the poem comes from the tension between the child's naiveté and the subtlety of Blake's own vision. (Mellown p.1)

In the first stanza, he talks about his way of life. He talks about how his mother dies. He was sold as an apprentice by his father. His present life revolves around working, calling through the streets for more work, and at the end of the day sleeping on soot, a realistic detail since the boys did indeed make their beds on bags of soot they had swept from the chimneys. (Mellown p.1)

The second stanza introduces a young boy named Tom Dacre, who comes to join the workers and is initiated into his new life by a haircut. Tom cries as he gets his hair cut off, but the speaker makes him feel better by saying "Hush, Tom! Never mind it, for when your head's bare, you know that the soot cannot spoil your white hair" (lines 6-7 p. 85). What that means is all of the dirt from sweeping chimneys won't get in his hair. Tom takes the advice and goes to sleep happily. (Mellown p. 2)

The next three stanzas give the substance of the dream. Tom dreams that thousands of sweepers locked in coffins are released by an angel. Suddenly, they find themselves in a pastoral landscape where, freed from their burdens, they bathe in a river and then rise up to the clouds. There, the angel tells Tom, "if he'd be a good boy, / He'd have God for his father & never want joy." The dream is an obvious instance of wish fulfillment, and its pathos rests on the fat that while it reveals the child's longing to escape, the opening and closing of the poem make it clear that his only ways of escape are dreams and death. (Mellown p. 2) What this means for Tom is that maybe when he is dreaming he can escape what he goes thorough in life and just be happy.

The last quatrain opens with a brutal contrast. Having dreamed of playing in the sun, Tom awakes, and the sweepers begin their day's work, a day to be spent in the total darkness of the cramped chimneys. Yet, restored by his dream, Tom is happy, and the poem ends with the pious moral, akin to the angel's speech, "So if all do their duty, they need not fear harm." (Mellown p. 2) So he goes through the rest of his life knowing that heaven was in his future as long as he was good.

In "The Chimney Sweeper", songs of experience, Blake talks about some of the things a little black boy goes through. Using the same rhyme scheme as songs of innocence he says "A little black thing among the snow crying weep, weep in notes of woe! Where are thy father and mother? Say? They are both gone up to the church to pray." (lines 1-4 p. 90)

In the next stanza Blake describes how his parents are at church praying for him because he is so happy on the outside but not showing his true pain. He sings and dances because he is happy and his parents think that everything is ok and no damage has been done. He says "And are gone to praise God and his Priest and King, who make up a heaven of our misery." (lines 11-12 p.90) Blake could have possibly used a bit of sarcasm in songs of experience.

In songs of innocence some themes and symbols were the bags, abandoned in the dream and picked up again with the brushes the next morning. This says that the terrible burden of the child's life, which is the good indicates the corruption of a society that uses and abuses him. The coffins are like a symbol of death. They represent the chimneys that he sweeps and the actual death to which he will soon come. In contrast, the sun, river, and plain express the joys that should be natural to childhood, which is also a symbol of the way nature is appreciated in the romantic age. Yet, even symbols associated with happiness intensify the harsh facts of existence. The bright key recalls imprisonment; the harmony of the leaping boys emphasizes their isolation in the chimneys; and the lamb, whose curling fleece Tom's hair resembles, is often, as is the sweeper, a helpless victim. (Mellown p. 2)

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"The Chimney Sweeper"� Used for Social Comment William Blake used his poetry as a powerful instrument for social comment. James Draper said, "Blake exposes the evils inhering in the orthodox conception of virtue and the virtues inhering in the orthodox conception of evil. Characteristically, Blake identifies religion with laws that focus on restrictions and diversions rather than on spiritual harmony"� (Draper 296). In "The Chimney Sweeper"� written in 1789, Blake tells the story of what happened to many young boys during this time period. Boys, as young as four and five were sold for the purpose of cleaning chimneys because of their small size. These young children were exploited and lived a meager existence that was socially acceptable at the time. Frank Magill stated, "Blake intuits the divinity of man, the falseness of society and the falseness of laws based upon societal behavior"�(Magill 250). Blake voices the evils of this acceptance through point of view, symbolism, and irony.

Blake expresses his poem in first person, as a young chimney sweeper. This gives his poetic voice creditability, as the subject of the poem is chimney sweepers. Using first person also creates a deeper sense of sympathy in the reader. This young boy, the poetic voice, lost his mother while "I was very young"� (Norton 1352; ln.1). Soon after the loss of his mother, "My father sold me while yet my tongue could scarcely cry "˜Weep! "˜Weep! "˜Weep! "˜Weep!'"� (Norton 1352; ln. 2-3). This sympathy allows the reader to realize not only how these children lived, but also how they felt and how they were deprived of their childhood.

Blake uses symbolism to express the evils of exploiting these small boys. Much of this symbolism is about death. This gives the poem a dark mood. Blake writes, "So your chimneys.

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