Paul Revere was a man of many talents, a “Jack Of All Trades” if you will. Patriot, silversmith, engraver, and republican, he was destined to be a hero. Born to parents Apollos De Rivoire, a French Huguenot, and Deborah Hitchbourn, Paul Revere came into the world on January 1, 1735 in Boston Massachusetts. Clark’s Wharf is where the Reveres resided now. The third born of eight children Revere learned early the lesson of perseverance, a lesson that would be an important in his later life, Revere would need to keep on going no mater what obstacles appeared in his way. Revere attended school in Boston where he got a sufficient education as well as in the shop with his father and the wharves of where he lived. As Revere grows in age he upholds many different jobs, including being a bell ringer for Christ’s Church, an Episcopal parish. Around the time of Reveres newly found job the first indications of the Revolutionary War were be gossiped about around the town. On the Sunday morning in which he was to toll the bell of Christ’s church a young boy heard the first gun of the revolution. Revere didn’t know this yet but his honorable duty lay within that revolution. On the twenty-second day of July, 1754 Reveres father died in his sleep. He was buried in the Old Granary. Paul was very distraught over losing his father. They were close, more like friends than father and son. After his fathers death Paul became the man of the house. He had to take on more responsibilities and work harder to support his large family. After a while the stress was weighing him down and it was probably some sort relief when he went to fight the French. In 1756 he returned. On August 4, 1757 Paul Revere married Sara Orne, or a Revere referred to her “Sary”. After some years of marriage Revere thinks it’s time for something new so he joins the masons, where he meets James Otis and Joseph Warren both men whom are of importance to him. In 1761 the year James Otis made his famous speech to Revere it would be know as the year that he fought his cousin Francis husband. The reasons why these two young men fought are not known but are probably logical considering that Revere was not the brawling type. All the while Revere is still making silver. Smallpox strikes the Reveres household as well as the rest of Boston. Paul Revere loved his children and couldn’t bear the fact of losing.
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. it is Reveres duty to identify dead bodies, on of which is his friend from the masons, Joseph Warren. Later that year it is said that George Washington himself asked Revere to go out to Castle Island to fix the cannon. This was a great honor. But with honor comes sadness and on May 26th his mother passed at aged 73. Revere had suffered many losses including his wife and father but this one hurt the most. He had lived with his mother his whole life and really respected the idea of family. Revere worked more with the government and Castle Island. He soon packed up and head home once again. Hard times strike once again and Revere is once again drove to find more work. He tries commercial work but silver is still his main income. Revere fights to be court marshal, re-establishes his character, and writes endless letters to his cousins in France and Guernsey. Paul sets up a foundry and casts the first bell ever cast in Boston. Paul Revere now has lived over half his life and relaxes a bit. He gets involved in civic projects and the welfare of children, grandchildren and friends. He discovers the secret of rolling copper and establishes a great industry. Paul Revere dies May 10 1818.
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Born: January 1, 1735
Died: May 10, 1818
American patriot, silversmith, and engraver
Paul Revere is remembered for his ride to warn fellow American patriots of a planned British attack before the Revolutionary War (1775–83), the war fought by Americans to gain independence from England. He was also a fine silversmith (a person who makes objects out of silver) and a master engraver (a person who cuts designs onto things such as metal or wood).Learning a trade
Paul Revere was born on January 1, 1735, in Boston, Massachusetts. He was the son of Apollos De Revoire, a French Huguenot (member of the Protestant faith) who had come to Boston at the age of thirteen to apprentice (a person who works for another to learn a trade) in the shop of a silversmith. Once Revoire had established his own business, he changed his name to the English spelling Revere.
Paul Revere was the third of twelve children and the oldest of his father's sons to survive into adulthood. As a young man, he studied at the North Writing School in Boston. As a teenager, he learned the art of gold and silversmithing from his father. With help from his mother, he began running the Revere family silver shop at age nineteen, after his father died. On August 17, 1757, he married Sarah Orne and eventually fathered eight children.
As early as 1765, Revere began to experiment with engraving on copper and produced several portraits and a songbook. He was popular as a source for engraved items such as bookplates, seals (stamps with raised designs that could make a print on another substance), and coats of arms (designs that indicated a family line).
Revere also began to fashion engravings that were anti-British. In 1768 he made one of the most famous pieces of silver of the American colonial era—a bowl created at the request of the fifteen Sons of Liberty. The Sons of Liberty were organizations formed in order to protest the 1765 Stamp Act, a taxation on printed materials imposed by the British that the Americans considered unjust. The bowl that Revere created was engraved to honor the "glorious Ninety-two Members of the Honorable House of Representatives of the Massachusetts Bay" who had refused to withdraw a letter they had sent to the other colonies protesting the Townshend Acts (another measure imposed by the British). Revere's extraordinary skill also extended to his carving picture frames for the painter John Singleton Copley (1738–1815). Copley painted a famous portrait of Revere, shown in shirt sleeves and holding a silver teapot.Revere's ride
Revere became a trusted messenger for the Massachusetts Committee of Safety, an organization set up to resist the British. He foresaw an attack by the British troops against the location of military supplies in Concord, Massachusetts, and arranged a signal to warn the patriots in Charlestown, Massachusetts. During the late evening of April 18, 1775, the chairman of the Committee of Safety told him that the British were going to march to Concord. Revere signaled by hanging two lanterns in the tower of Boston's North Church. This showed that the British were approaching "by sea," that is, by way of the Charles River. He crossed the river, borrowed a horse in Charlestown, and started for Concord. Arriving in Lexington, Massachusetts, at midnight, he awakened American rebels John Hancock (1737–1793) and Samuel
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Adams (1722–1803), allowing the two men to flee to safety.
Revere was captured that night by the British, but he persuaded his captors that the whole countryside was aroused to fight, and they freed him. He returned to Lexington, where he saw the first shot fired in the first battle of the Revolutionary War (1776). This ride and series of events were made legendary by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–1882) in the poem "Paul Revere's Ride."A master craftsman
After the Revolutionary War Revere remained in Boston, where he created objects in silver for distinguished members of local society. He died in Boston on May 10, 1818. Today, he is still remembered as a craftsman in silver, as well as a master of engraving. An on-the-spot reporter, he recorded the events leading up to and during the revolution with great accuracy. He engraved what he saw on metal plates, which were then used to create prints on paper that were highly popular with the people of Boston.For More Information
Forbes, Esther. Paul Revere and the World He Lived In. New York: American Past, 1983.
Lee, Martin. Paul Revere. New York: F. Watts, 1987.
Sullivan, George. Paul Revere. New York: Scholastic Reference, 1999.
Triber, Jayne E. A True Republican: The Life of Paul Revere. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1998.
Paul Revere (1735-1818), American patriot, silversmith, and engraver, is remembered for his ride before the Revolutionary War to warn American patriots of a planned British attack. His silverware was among the finest produced in America in his day.
Paul Revere was born on Jan. 1, 1735, in Boston, Mass. the son of Apollos De Revoire, a French Huguenot who had come to Boston at the age of 13 to apprentice in the shop of a silversmith. Once Revoire had established his own business, he Anglicized his name. Paul, the third of 12 children, learned silversmithing from his father. On Aug. 17, 1757, he married Sarah Orne and eventually became the father of eight children.
As early as 1765, Revere began to experiment with engraving on copper and produced several portraits and a songbook. He was popular as a source for engraved seals, coats of arms, and bookplates, and he began to execute engravings which were.
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Paul Revere, born January 1, 1735 enjoys a special place in American history for his role in the American Revolution. Revere leveraged his business and political connections in support of American patriots and is most famous for his ride to alert Colonial militia members of the approach of British troops. Less known history includes his involvement in the creation of the Colonial intelligence system monitoring the British military and his tenure as a military officer during the American Revolutionary War.Early Life
Paul Revere spent his childhood in Boston and was the third of twelve children. His father, born Apollo Rivoire, was a French Huguenot who immigrated to America at age 13 and apprenticed to a silversmith in Boston. His mother, Deborah Hitchborn, was the daughter of a Boston family owning a small shipping wharf. At the age of 13, Revere left school and became his father’s apprentice in his silver shop. Unfortunately, his father died before Revere was old enough to legally take over his shop. In the interim, he joined the provincial army in 1756 and spent the summer at Fort William Henry in New York. After a short military stint, he returned to Boston and took over the silver shop. Revere wed his first wife, Sarah Orne, on August 4, 1757 and their first child arrived eight months later.
Professionally, Revere is most well-known for his silversmithing skills. As a silversmith, he also had the ability to engrave and decorate his own pieces. As a result, his reputation in Boston quickly grew and over 5,000 pieces were produced by his shop. Later in life, Revere worked in other fields including dentistry and metal work using materials other than silver.Political Connections
Revere’s silver shop kept him in close proximity to many business leaders in Boston. His reputation as a silversmith and engraver brought him a great deal of business and exposed him to many influential members of Boston society. Due to his childhood in Boston and connections to other leading families, Revere socialized with many of the men associated with the revolutionary movement.
He was also a founding member of the Masonic Lodge of Boston. While the source of his interest in freemasonry is not certain, he may have been introduced to it during his first military service. Revere likely continued his exposure to freemasonry while frequenting Boston’s public houses. In addition to the political influence of the lodge, Revere’s business also benefited from his opportunity provided by the society to meet and mix with multiple social classes.Seeds of Revolution
In addition to the influence of the Masonic Lodge and his local ties, Revere experienced business setbacks resulting from British rule. His silver shop suffered due to downturns in the British economy and the passage of the Stamp Act of 1765. He sought other ways to support his family, such as dentistry, as his business declined. While he dealt with the financial burdens imposed by British rule, Revere continued to meet with and support local militants and protest groups. He was a founding member of the Sons of Liberty, formed in 1765.
Revere used his skills and business to support protests against British rule. Examples include engravings and silver pieces made to depict images designed to further inflame the populace against continuing British rule. He participated in protest activities such as guard duty to prevent the off-loading of taxable tea from the Dartmouth and the subsequent Boston Tea Party activities.
Beginning in December 1773, Revere rode as a courier to New York and Philadelphia on behalf of the Boston Committee of Public Safety. He provided reports on the political situation and unrest in Boston and his rides were monitored by British intelligence. During this time, General Thomas Gage, the military governor of Massachusetts, forced citizens of Boston to provide lodging to British soldiers and closed the port.
Revere, along with 30 others, began meeting and laying plans to gather and share intelligence about British troop movements and activities. At the same time, he used his skills by providing engravings to a monthly patriot publication, the Royal American Magazine. In December 1774, Revere rode to Portsmouth, New Hampshire to warn of a possible impending British landing. While the rumors were unfounded, his ride inspired locals to raid Fort William and Mary for the supply of gunpowder stored there.Midnight Ride
In the weeks leading up to the Battles of Lexington and Concord, British Army activity indicated a possibility of troop movement. As a result, Revere was sent to Concord to warn the Massachusetts Provincial Congress. As a result, residents began moving military supplies stored in Concord to other locations in preparation of potential British action. In addition to providing this warning, Revere worked with Robert Newman, the sexton of the North Church, to develop a warning system to indicate the route of the British army should they take action. The famous line “one if by land, two if by sea” refers to the number of lanterns to be lit in the church steeple depending on whether British troops chose the land route or the water route across the Charles River.
On the night of April 18, 1775, acting upon orders from Gage, British troops moved out, ostensibly to capture Samuel Adams and John Hancock. In actuality, the capture of the two rebel leaders was a portion of the goal, but the primary goal was the seizure or destruction of rebel military stores in and near Concord. Based on information about the troop movements, Revere and William Dawes set out to warn their leaders and alert local militias of the British activities.
Throughout the night of April 18, Revere warned numerous patriots along his route to Lexington. His alert sparked additional riders to continue carrying the message to other militias while he continued towards Lexington. Upon arrival, he and Dawes met with Hancock and Adams and laid plans for opposing the British troops. After leaving Lexington, they proceeded to Concord, but were stopped by a British roadblock before reaching the city. Despite being captured and questioned by the British, the ride triggered the alarm and muster plan used to provide rapid warning and notification to colonial militias. As a result, the militia had enough notice to repel British troops in Concord.Military Assignments
Following his midnight ride, Revere remained useful to the rebel cause in several different ways. While he was initially denied a military commission, he served as a courier and printer for the provincial congress. Revere also researched an existing powder mill and obtained enough information to set up another mill at Stoughton, which produced tons of gunpowder used by the colonial forces.
Revere eventually received a military commission and served in both the infantry and the artillery. While he was typically second or third in the command structure, he did hold command at Castle William in Boston several times. During his tenure here, he instituted several improvements in the fort’s armaments and developed a caliper to measure cannon balls and bore holes. While stationed at Castle William, Revere participated in several small-scale sorties, including prisoner escort duties and an aborted attempt to capture a British base at Newport, Rhode Island.
A low point of Revere’s military career was the Penobscot disaster. In this attempt to push the British out of a new base established on Penobscot Bay, Revere held command of the artillery units. Due to conflicting opinions and orders, the overall expedition was chaotic and unsuccessful. Despite some artillery successes, Revere found himself in difficult circumstances during the battle. He was separate from his men and had to move overland to regroup his troops. He faced charges resulting from the engagement and was not exonerated for several years.After the War
Following the war, Revere continued to find success as a tradesman. He engaged in hardware and home goods sales and eventually opened a foundry to cast brass and iron. In his foundry, he gained a strong reputation for casting church bells while also producing a significant amount of iron bolts and fittings for ship construction. Revere also pioneered the production of copper plating and opened the first copper mill in North America. Revere also remained active in politics throughout his lifetime and involved in community issues.
Paul Revere is one of the best known figures of the American Revolution. While he is best known for his work of one night, he was a full and active participant in numerous revolutionary activities. In addition to his role in the Revolution, Revere was also a leading figure in the development of the new nation’s economic and political structures.9 responses to “Paul Revere”