Pollution in the Great Lakes is a major problem. It affects both Canada and the U.S. and has been a problem for over 50 years. Both the Canadian and American governments have taken action against this, but the problem hasn’t gone away yet. This report will talk about pollution, and its toll on the Great Lakes. It will also talk about what we can do to slow down, and hopefully stop pollution in these lakes.
There are many issues that have to deal with pollution. Everything from algae to the supply of water we need to survive is affected by pollution. The Great Lakes makes up one fifth of the world’s fresh water and this one fifth is now being polluted. The destruction of the area and the increase in pollution has increased since the 1960’s. (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2012)
Dumping and contact with toxic chemicals have made much of the Great Lakes dangerous. One of the major sources of toxins and pollutants that are polluting the lakes is large farms. The artificial fertilizers and pesticides that are used run off into the water and then into the lakes. Sewage water from cities drains into the lakes when overflowing occurs, contributing to the pollution. Chlorine has to be used as a disinfectant in the drinking water that comes from the lakes.
Phosphorus and nitrogen are the main pollutants that leach into the waters. When rivers, like the Humber River, become polluted, they eventually run out into the Great Lakes. This is why regular litter from suburban areas is also a factor of pollution in the lakes.
There are many ways pollutants can enter lakes and rivers: agricultural and urban runoff, industrial outfalls, migration through groundwater, through the food chain, and many more. Many p.
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. y man. No problem of human destiny is beyond human beings.”
-John F. Kennedy
Environment Canada. (2013). Great Lakes. http://www.ec.gc.ca/grandslacs-greatlakes/default.asp?lang=En&n=70283230-1
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2012). The Great Lakes Today: Concerns. http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/atlas/glat-ch4.html
Latham, A. Wright, E. & Tsang, A. (n.d.). Pollution's Effects on the Great Lakes Ecosystem. Retrieved from University of Michigan website: http://sitemaker.umich.edu/section5group1/introduction_and_background
TEACH. (2006). Water Pollution in the Great Lakes. http://www.greatlakes.net/teach/pollution/water/water1.html
The Guides Network. (2014). Water Pollution Guide. http://www.water-pollution.org.uk/preventingyou.html
Great Lakes Water Quality Board. (1991). Cleaning up our Great Lakes. Windsor, Ont. The Commission.
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GREAT LAKES AND SEAS
ARKAJYOTI PANDIT (ROLL 39) GROUP: ROLL NO: 37, 38, 39 ROOM NO: 33
GUIDED BY: MS.MAHUA BASU
“Nature’s first green is gold Her hardest hue to hold;
Her early leaf’s a flower
But only so an hour.
Then leaf subsides to leaf
So Eden sank to grief
So dawn goes down to day
Nothing gold can stay.”
Robert Frost’s words written so many years ago are becoming true each day as we stroll along the path of life. Life which owes it’s origin to the nature has come to the verge of sunset where each breath it takes seems to be a homicidal maniac of its mother nature itself. As if we the beholders of life are engaged in some cruel matricide. The gold of nature gradually seems to loose its brightness and the root cause for this is nothing but POLLUTION. What is pollution? Who does it? all these are questions analyzed a ton of times and logical conclusions are also ascertained. But the question of questions that lies unanswered is why we don’t implement it? In this brief paper of mine we will try to analyze one of the most important aspects of degradation of nature that is POLLUTION OF GREAT LAKES AND SEAS. The seas as we know comprise of one third of the earth’s surface area and the lakes comprise nearly 25% of the total water bodies of the world. They are host to a wild variety of flora and fauna whose lives are becoming endangered day by day. Through this project we will highlight the causes of the water pollution and will apply our little brains to give some essential remedies to stop and control this pollution. Human life is dependent on technology and technological progress give rise to pollution. So it is for us to develop an eco friendly technology. Because unless and until ecology is well balanced technology will not find place to bloom. Hope our small endeavor will contribute a little to the welfare of this esteemed environment. WATER POLLUTION: CAUSES
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (eg: lakes, rivers, seas, ground water).water is generally considered to be polluted when it is impaired with anthropogenic contaminants and either does not support human use POLLUTANTS: The water pollution is a major cause of concern in our present society. The major pollutants are listed Below:
PATHOGENS: pathogens are disease causing micro organisms that can cause various diseases if consumed by animals and man. They can contaminate water and cause diseases like salmonella, parasitic worms etc. these pathogens get contaminated with water due to improper sewage system and also because of over flowing of sewage system. INSECTICIDES AND PESTICIDES: insecticides are the chemicals used in agricultural crops to increase the production. These insecticides are very harmful in nature and causes water pollution when it gets admixed with water, resulting in diseases in the consumers of this water.
DRAINAGE WASTE: sometimes countries do not have proper drainage system and all the household and hospital waste in.
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SeaPollution and The Great Pacific Garbage Patch Water is the most abused and wasted natural resource. Clean water is very precious. There are about 1 billion or more people who do not have access to clean drinking water in the world today. We must be very careful with our water and take the proper steps necessary to conserve it. Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances, particularly a contaminant or toxin, which produces some kind of harmful impact on the environment or living organisms. When we talk about pollution . 3 types of pollution usually come to mind: air pollution . water pollution . and land pollution . There are numerous types of water pollution and pollutants that contaminate it. I would like to focus specifically on seapollution by using the Great Pacific Garbage Patch as an example. Seapollution is a major problem. What people may not realize is that seapollution affects not only the seas and oceans, but it also affects the entire earth. While marine plants and animals are the most immediate victims of seapollution . animals higher up the food chain that feed on marine life, including humans, are not spared. Once the toxins are concentrated in.
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Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution . can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. TYPES OF POLLUTION Water Pollution As the name suggests, “Water Pollution ” is the type of pollution that involves the contamination of various water bodies. Various aquatic creatures depend on these water bodies and its natural nutritious features to support its life. Causes of Water Pollution . Industrial waste gets dumped into these water bodies. This causes a chemical imbalance in the water leading to death of the aquatic beings. Insecticides, pesticides and ripening chemicals that are used on plants run into the ground water system or nearby streams. Washing clothes near lakes and rivers causes detergents also causes a condition called “Eutrophication” which blocks sunlight from entering inside and reduces oxygen values in the water causing an inhabitable environment. Certain natural disasters like flash floods and hurricanes cause the intermixing of water with harmful substances on the land. Air Pollution The contamination of the air present in the atmosphere is known as “Air pollution ”.
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SeaPollution . Why Are We So Bent On Killing Everything that moves, everything that feed us and every animal that God created. I mean, why are we so self-destructive toward the fishes, the sharks, the whales, the sea lions, the dolphins etc. And until the day I die I will never understand why mankind has such a Big Hole in their heart, and the irony of it all is that God placed us in charged of everything He created. And yet we violate our office, just like the Politicians do, just like the Judges do and just like the rest of society. For we pass and observe laws that are meant to destroy everything around us, and even ourselves. And the sea is so polluted and has no way to clean itself, since we dump our fecal matters in it, our toxic waste in it, our garbage in it. And we do this as well to the Earth, to the Atmosphere. So I must ask while we're choking ourselves to death, where are we going to go next, after we destroy the entire Earth. For we are bringing the fishes to extinction, we are bringing the whales to extinction and we are mutating all the sea creatures as well. We are transforming them into something monstrous, deadly, toxic and poisonous to our health. So when will it all stop. I myself, do want it to stop by bringing awareness to you and the rest of my brothers and sisters. I want us to have a place to live, a place to breathe, and a place where we can eat food items that are.
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GreatLakes . Great Decisions By: Judy Webb Professor Natalie Marsh Business Administration Capstone – BUS 499 January 12, 2011 Perform an analysis of the Social/Demographic, Technological, Economic, Environmental/Geographic, and Political /Legal/Government segments to understand the general environment facing GreatLakes . Describe how GreatLakes will be affected by each of these external factors. Social/Demographic Segments – The primary consumers of the products produced by GreatLakes —especially lead additives—hail from developing countries. And while the case study does not specifically comment on the demographics of these countries or the social status of their people, it is logical to assume that clients from these locales would be large in number and reside in densely populated areas. These dynamics, complemented by the fact that most cars in developing countries did not have catalytic converters clearly indicates that social/demographic factors did not adversely GreatLakes . And the numbers appear to bear this out: as of 1996, leaded gasoline comprised 93 percent of all gasoline in Africa and 94 percent in the Middle East. The numbers were 30 and 35 percent respectively in Asia and Latin America (Hitt, Ireland & Hoskisson. 2011). Technological – Technological considerations could have.
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The author's comments:
I had to make an article for my school project. Not only was it that but as a michigander, the Great Lakes are close to my heart.
In the past, our Great Lakes have had some issues. But not as dire as the present conditions are. Some people believe that if we look into our future, we might see that the list will continue to grow. The once famous Great Lakes might not even exist. Imagine that, one of the worlds largest supply of freshwater gone, vanished, vamoose. Do you think that sounds inconceivable? Alot of people can imagine that happening. This is the main reason why Canada and the United States have been working together to make new laws such as the Great Lakes Protection Act. We can’t blame the weather, animals, or any such thing for causing this environmental distress. The cold hard truth is that, humans are the cause of our vanishing and dying Great Lakes.
Most of the pollution that occurs in the lakes is point-source pollution. One of the major criminals are something that we all see and don’t think twice about; factories. When factories need to dispose of their old materials, they usually have a tube that goes into a body of water such as a river, lake, or even ocean. When the new, possibly toxic, material enters the water, it causes all kinds of problems including killing the creatures, which would disrupt the food chain in more ways than one. When a species dies out, this leaves an open space for an invasive species. Mark Newman, who wrote the Sooper Yooper book series, explained how so many invasive species, such as sea lamprey, zebra mussels, and round gobies. Many of these are from ships emptying out their ballasts full of foreign water into our Great Lakes. An example of point source pollution is the freighter ships that dock on the Great Lakes. Not only do they release harmful pollutants, but they also empty out their ballasts, which introduces invasive species into the lakes. Another problem that the Great Lakes have is called nonpoint source-pollution. This is different from point-source pollution. Nonpoint-source pollution (NPS) is from many different sources; not just one. NPS pollution is mainly caused by runoff, when rain and snow move over an area, it picks up pollutants and eventually end up dropping the pollutants off in rivers and lakes. There is one more obvious form of pollution called atmospheric pollution. This is another form of nonpoint-source pollution but instead of being caused by runoff, this is caused by pollutants coming through the air. The main example of atmospheric pollution is coal-burning energy. Not only is Coal burning energy very detrimental to our air quality, but to the human body also. When you are exposed to a lot of it, it can cause serious illnesses such as heart disease, respiratory disease, and even cancer.
Don’t start wringing your hands yet, there is prevention. For one, there are a lot of things you can do by yourself. Even things as little as washing your car in the lawn instead of the driveway. Just doing that can reduce the amounts of detergent and other toxins in the Great Lakes. But there are also things that you can do with a group. Such as joining a group that protests dumping hazardous materials into the lakes.
As you can see, there are many issues with the Great Lakes. But you can help do your part. Just recycling will make a large difference in the big picture.
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